Bair Sonomovich Dugarov was born on June 19, 1947 in the village of Orlik in the Buryat-Mongol Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. Having completed his undergraduate studies at the Irkutsk State University, he enrolled in the PhD program at the Moscow Institute of Oriental Studies; graduated from Boris Slutsky's seminar at the Moscow Literary Studies. Doctor of Philology.
Dugarov writes in Russian. He is the author of the following collections of poetry: The Golden Saddle (Irkutsk, 1975), The Mountain Tambourine (Ulan-Ude, 1976), Wild Acacia (Moscow: Sovremennik, 1980), City Clouds (Ulan-Ude, 1981), Skyline (Ulan-Ude, 1986), Horseman (Moscow: Sovremennik, 1989), The Lunar Doe (Moscow: Soviet Russia, 1989), The Nomad's Star (Irkutsk, 1994, the Siberian Lyre series), Strings of the Earth and the Sky (Ulan-Ude, 2007), The Asian Gait (Ulan-Ude, 2013), The Steppe Lyre (Saint Petersburg, 2015), Mongolzhon (Elista, 2017), The Samsara Saga (Ulan-Ude, 2017), Tengrian Songs (Moscow, 2017), The Last Nomad (Ulan-Ude , 2021), The Sutra of Moments (a book of prose and poetry; Ulan-Ude, 2011).
Dugarov also translates poetry by Buryat and Mongolian authors into Russian, including the best works of Buryat folklore contained in the book Altargana (Ulan-Ude, first edition 1998, second edition 2006).
He was twice Laureate of the State Prize of the Republic of Buryatia in the field of literature and art and is People's Poet of Buryatia. Lives in Ulan-Ude.